age of consent. law. Recht - law. German translation: Deutsch Mündigkeitsalter, das · Deutsch Schutzalter, das. Verwandte Phrasen. Englisch In an age of. Übersetzung im Kontext von „legal age of consent“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: The fact is that some intelligent children enter postconventional. westkentwatch.com | Übersetzungen für 'age of consent' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. <
"age of consent" Deutsch ÜbersetzungÜbersetzung im Kontext von „legal age of consent“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: The fact is that some intelligent children enter postconventional. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für age of consent im Online-Wörterbuch dict.cc (Deutschwörterbuch). age of consent. law. Recht - law. German translation: Deutsch Mündigkeitsalter, das · Deutsch Schutzalter, das. Verwandte Phrasen. Englisch In an age of.
Age Of Consent Deutsch Navigation menu VideoHelen Mirren, Ahead By A Century Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "age of consent" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für age of consent im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Übersetzung im Kontext von „age of consent“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: The same human rights organizations from cold Europe also meant that. Übersetzung im Kontext von „legal age of consent“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: The fact is that some intelligent children enter postconventional. There is no age of consent between married individuals. The minimum age of marriage for men is 18, and for women, it is In some instances, women are allowed to marry at 14 years old. Consensual same-sex relations are criminalized in Pakistan. Age of Consent in China. The age of consent in Mainland China is 14 years old. Limited by age: younger partner is deemed able to consent to having sex with an older one as long as their age difference does not exceed a specified amount.; Limited by relationship: younger partner is deemed able to consent to having sex with an older one as long as the latter is not in a position of trust or authority, or is not recognised to be abusing the inexperience of the younger one. The age of consent is the age at which a person is considered to be legally competent to consent to sexual westkentwatch.comuently, an adult who engages in sexual activity with a person younger than the age of consent is unable to legally claim that the sexual activity was consensual, and such sexual activity may be considered child sexual abuse or statutory rape. Estonia is debating on whether to raise the age of consent for sexual contact between adults and young girls and boys from 14 to westkentwatch.com Estland debattiert darüber, da s Schutzalter f ür sexuelle Kontakte zwischen Erwachsenen und Jugendlic he n von 1 4 auf 16 Jahre anzuheben. The legal age of consent in most of the countries is 16 years or above, as individuals of this age are considered to be mature and capable of making informed decisions. Some of the countries where the age of consent is below 16 years have other local laws to protect children aged less than 16 years from sexual exploitation. Age of Consent Around the World. These countries have a predominant Islam population. Retrieved 28 July Farbe Beim Roulette 4 Buchstaben the age of consent, this means that it is illegal to date a person under 20 without written parental consent. Archived from the original on 1 August
Die Aufforderung zur Harmonisierung des Schutzalters in den Mitgliedstaaten können wir jedoch nicht unterstützen. Schutzalters in den Mitgliedstaaten können wir jedoch nicht unterstützen.
Setting the age of consent is the responsibility of the Member States. Die Festsetzung des Schutzalters gehört in die Zuständigkeit der Mitgliedstaaten.
Subject: Gibraltar age of consent legislation. Betrifft: Gesetz über das Einwilligungsalter in Gibraltar.
In iceland, the age of consent is In Island ist man bereits mit 14 mündig. Now, children below the age of consent are a special case.
Nun, Kinder die noch nicht mündig sind, sind ein besonderer Fall. This is the way we treat people as responsible adults.
So behandeln wir Menschen als verantwortungsvolle Erwachsene. The question of the age of consent is a national and not a European legal issue, and that is undisputed.
Die Frage des Schutzalters ist jedenfalls - das ist unbestritten - eine nationale und keine europäische Rechtsmaterie.
Schutzalters ist jedenfalls - das ist unbestritten - eine nationale und keine europäische Rechtsmaterie. Inhalt möglicherweise unpassend Entsperren.
Because there is no close-in-age exemption in Germany, it is possible for two individuals both under the age of 14 who willingly engage in intercourse to both be prosecuted for statutory rape, although this is rare.
Similarly, no protections are reserved for sexual relations in which one participant is a 13 year old and the second is a 14 or 15 year old.
The Age of Consent ranges from as low as 11 to as high as 20 years old across the world. Back to list of international ages of consent View state ages of consent in the USA.
No specific age is recommended. As of December , the convention has been ratified by all states of the Council of Europe, except Armenia and Ireland, which have signed but not yet ratified the convention.
Different jurisdictions express these definitions differently, like Argentina, may say the age of consent is 18, but an exception is made down to 13 years of age, if the older partner is not in a position of authority over the younger one.
The data below reflects what each jurisdiction's legislation actually means, rather than what it states on the surface.
Since , the age of consent in Albania is 14 , regardless of gender and sexual orientation. The age of consent in Andorra is 14 , as specified by Article of the penal code, which reads: 1 " Whoever carries out a sexual act with a person younger than fourteen years As specified by Articles and , it is illegal - regardless of age - for a person occupying a position of authority or superiority over a person to engage in sexual activity with them, or when it involves the abuse of trust or situation of need or dependence.
The penalty is more severe when the subject is below the age of Sexual intercourse or other sexual acts with a person obviously under 16, by a person who reached 18 years of age, in the absence of elements of crime envisaged in Articles , or of this Code, is punished with correctional labor for the term of up to 2 years, or with imprisonment for the term of up to 2 years.
The general age of consent in Austria is 14 , as specified by Section  of the penal code. The term unmündig is specified in Section 74  of the penal code.
Paragraph 4 of Section defines a close-in-age exception, lowering the age of consent to 13 if the other party is not older than 16 and some additional conditions are met.
It is subject to the same additional conditions of article for example, that the act does not cause serious bodily harm. However , Section b  of the penal code contains an exception to the general age of consent: if one of the partners is younger than 16 years of age and "not sufficiently mature to understand the significance of the act", then the act is punishable.
The offence "initiating sexual contacts with minors under 14 through the use of computer system" is punishable by two years' imprisonment Section a Penal Code.
The Austrian Criminal Code previously specified 18 as the age of consent for male homosexual sex in which the other partner was aged 14—18, while no equivalent provision existed for heterosexual sexual conduct or in regards to female homosexuality; this was Section of the Criminal Code.
In November , an amendment was put before the Austrian Parliament to remove Section ; but the vote ended in a draw, and the amendment failed to pass.
In July , a similar amendment was put forward; it was voted down by the conservative majority. Section came into force when homosexuality between males became legal in The Section was later repealed on 14 August Sexual intercourse with the person below the age of 16 years, as well as the same offences linked with satisfaction of sexual passion in perverted forms shall be punished by imprisonment up to 3 years.
The age of consent in Belarus is 16 , as specified by Articles and , which read: " Sexual relations, sodomy, lesbian acts or other actions of sexual character of an adult, reached eighteen years of age, with a person who obviously has not reached sixteen years of age, at absence of attributes of the crimes stipulated by articles and present codes, are punished by restriction of freedom of two years to four years or by imprisonment of two years to five years.
The Belgian Criminal Code previously specified an age of consent of 18 for homosexual sex. This provision - Article bis - was added in and repealed in Sexual activity with children younger than 14 is illegal under Article , which prohibits sexual acts with a "child", and a "child" is defined in Article 2 8 as a person under However, Article mentions a "juvenile" who is defined in Article 2 9 as a person under 18, although it is not clear if this article refers only to sexual acts performed in view of a minor under 18 or if it can be used also to punish sexual acts performed with the minor: .
The age of consent in Bulgaria is 14 , as specified by Articles and 1. However, Article 2 has a provision for those who are over 14 and do "not understand the characteristics or the importance of the act":.
The age of consent for all sexual conduct in Croatia under the new Criminal Code in force since 1 January is 15 , regardless of sexual orientation or gender, and is regulated by Article Before the year , the legal age of consent in Croatia was The age of consent was equalised in The age of consent for all sexual conduct in Cyprus under the Criminal Code is 17 , regardless of sexual orientation or gender.
Until , homosexual acts between men were entirely forbidden under Section In , the Court held that the prohibition of homosexual acts was a violation of Article 8.
In January , the Cypriot Government introduced a Bill in the Cypriot Parliament that would have abolished the ban.
The European Commission repeated its warning that Cyprus must follow the Court's ruling. In May , again a government measure to repeal the ban failed because of the strength of the opposition.
In April , the Council of Europe set a deadline for compliance of 29 May and on 21 May , the House of Representatives voted 36 to 8 in favour legalising homosexual acts.
However it was set at 18 while heterosexual acts remained at In , under pressure from the EU  the parliament finally ended the disparate provisions and changed the age of consent to 17 for both heterosexual and homosexual acts, under the revised Criminal Code.
For both of these Sovereign Base Areas British military enclaves on the island of Cyprus, the age of consent is Prior to , sodomy was illegal, the age of consent only applied to females and sexual contact with a female between the ages of 13 and 16 was a misdemeanor.
As of , the age of consent is set at 16 for both males and females, sexual contact with any child under 16 regardless of gender is a felony and the ban on sodomy is lifted, thereby legalizing homosexual sex.
The age of sexual consent in the Czech Republic is This also covers cases when there is any kind of trust or dependence, for example, teacher-student, employer-employee.
Around and , the lowering of the limits of criminal responsibility as well as sex acts age i limits? Both changes were criticized.
Until , homosexual sexual intercourse was illegal in Czechoslovakia. Between adults, payment receipt or provision and public nuisance were criminalised.
The age of consent in the Kingdom of Denmark is 15 as specified by Section . In determining the penalty, it shall be an aggravating circumstance if the perpetrator has gained intercourse by exploiting his physical or mental superiority.
Section , part 1, reads: "Any person who has sexual intercourse with any child under 18, who is said person's adopted child, stepchild or foster child, or who is entrusted to said person for education or upbringing, will be liable to imprisonment for any term not exceeding four years", this includes teachers.
The laws in the Faroe Islands and Greenland are equivalent although regulated in separate penal codes for these autonomous countries.
Male homosexual acts were legalised in Denmark lesbianism was never illegal with an age of consent set at 18, after a major reform of the Penal Code in ; At the same time, the age of consent for heterosexual acts was raised from 12 to In , the age of consent was harmonized at 15 for all acts [ citation needed ].
Sex with a child under the age of 12 results in double punishment, and sex with a minor under 18 is illegal for a person in charge of the child. Until , "acts against nature" [anal intercourse] were punishable with the stake.
However, until the late 18th century the rule was never used, and, when it came into effect, the convicts were always sentenced to 7 years in jail.
In , Denmark became the first country to legalise pictorial pornography ,  but this did not affect laws related to the age of people participating in its production.
Consequently, the legal age of consent 15 equaled the limit for pornography produced within the country, but material produced in other countries where the Danish consent law does not apply was not covered and therefore legal.
The age of consent in Estonia is 14 , as specified by Section of the Criminal Code of Republic of Estonia sexual intercourse or other act of sexual nature with a child , which reads: "An adult person who engages in sexual intercourse with a person of less than 14 years of age shall be punished by up to 5 years' imprisonment.
Section defines rape as "Sexual intercourse with a person against his or her will by using force or taking advantage of a situation in which the person is not capable of initiating resistance or comprehending the situation"";  and Section reads:.
When regaining independence from USSR in , the age of consent for male homosexual intercourse was set at 16, whereas the age for heterosexual intercourse was The age of consent was harmonized in when Estonia adopted its first Penal Code after restoring its independence, specifying an age of 14 for sexual intercourse.
The age of consent in Finland is 16 , as specified by Section 6 1 Sexual abuse of a child , which reads: "A person who has sexual intercourse with a child younger than sixteen years of age The sexual act may not be punishable if "there is no great difference in the ages or the mental and physical maturity of the persons involved".
The age is 18 when in connection with a person who has some formal power over the young person, like a school teacher. Until , homosexual acts were prohibited.
After decriminalisation, the age of consent was set to 18 for homosexual acts and 16 for heterosexual acts.
The age of consent is therefore Article prohibits the "organisation by an adult of meetings involving indecent exposure or sexual relations knowing that minors are present or participating".
Minors refers to under 18s; the text of the article can be subject to interpretation. Article prohibits the "soliciting of a minor under the age of fifteen, or a person pretending to be such minor, for sexual purposes through the use of a computer system".
Male homosexual acts were illegal until , when the ancient sodomy laws were dropped from the Criminal Code of that year.
This continued to be the case under the Napoleonic Code of The age of consent was set at 11 in and at 13 in In , the age of consent for homosexual acts was set at 21, while for heterosexual acts it was still The latter was increased to 15 in In , the age for homosexual acts was lowered to In , it was lowered to 15, in line with that for heterosexual acts.
The age of consent in Germany is 14 , as long as a person over the age of 21 does not exploit a to year-old person's lack of capacity for sexual self-determination, in which case a conviction of an individual over the age of 21 requires a complaint from the younger individual; being over 21 and engaging in sexual relations with a minor of that age does not constitute an offense by itself.
Otherwise the age of consent is 16, although provisions protecting minors against abuse apply until the age of 18 under Section 1 : it is illegal to engage in sexual activity with a person under 18 "by taking advantage of an exploitative situation" .
This is specified by Sections Sexual abuse of children and Sexual abuse of youths of the Penal Code, which read:.
The current rules for age of consent in Germany were set following a post-reunification penal law reform in In West Germany the latter rule was kept, with minor changes in Unblemishedness was no longer required, and the court could refrain from punishment if the offender was under 21 years of age.
The German Democratic Republic , by contrast, created a new socialist criminal code in Female homosexuality was not prosecuted. In West Germany, male homosexuality was legalized in The age of consent was set to 21 years and reduced to 18 years in Only men of 18 or older could be offenders and courts could refrain from punishment if the offender was not yet In East Germany, the criminal code was supplemented in by a provision that allowed the waiving of prosecution if no harm had been done to socialist society by the unlawful act.
In the GDR supreme court ruled homosexuality was a variant of sexual behaviour just as heterosexuality. West German lawmakers also saw the need for gender- and sexual-orientation-neutrality, and for rebalancing sexual self-determination with the protection of minors.
In general, the need for a complaint from the former West German law was kept, but in the case of special public interest, the offence was made prosecutable ex officio, as had been the case in East German law.
The age of consent in Greece is The general provision for age of consent in Greece is 15 as specified by Article , as well as Articles , B of the Greek Penal Code.
In , along with the legalization of same-sex civil unions , Article which provided a further prohibition of seducing a male under 17 if the actor is a male adult was repealed , therefore equalising age of consent for homosexual acts.
There are also several other prohibitions regarding positions of authority and sexual acts, as specified by Articles and Furthermore, there is a close-in-age exemption of 3 years age difference for sexual acts between persons younger than The age of consent in Hungary is A close-in-age exemption allows sexual acts from age 12 if the older party is under The new criminal code in force since 1 July reads: "The person who has completed their eighteenth year who has sexual intercourse with a person who has not yet completed their fourteenth year, commits a felony and shall be punishable with imprisonment from one year to five years".
Until , homosexual acts were illegal. After decriminalisation, the age of consent for homosexual acts was 20 and remained so until From then, until , the age of consent for such acts was 18, as specified by Section In , the Hungarian Constitutional Court repealed Section , and the age of consent for homosexual acts was lowered to 14 in line with heterosexual acts.
The age of consent in Iceland is 15 , as specified by Section of the Icelandic Penal Code, which reads: "Anyone who has carnal intercourse or other sexual intimacy with a child younger than 15 years shall be subject to imprisonment for at least 1 year and up to 15 years.
The age of consent was raised from 14 to 15 in The age of consent in the Republic of Ireland is 17 ,  in relation to vaginal or anal sex, and vaginal or anal penetration.
In the case of offenses with children aged 15 and 16, the relevant statute, Sexual act with child under 17 years of age , provides that "8 Where, in proceedings for an offence under this section against a child who at the time of the alleged commission of the offence had attained the age of 15 years but was under the age of 17 years, it shall be a defence that the child consented to the sexual act of which the offence consisted where the defendant— a is younger or less than 2 years older than the child, b was not, at the time of the alleged commission of the offence, a person in authority in respect of the child, and c was not, at the time of the alleged commission of the offence, in a relationship with the child that was intimidatory or exploitative of the child.
Anal sex was illegal under the Offences against the Person Act , while the Criminal Law Amendment Act criminalised "Defilement of girl between thirteen and sixteen years of age", with more severe penalties for "Defilement of girl under thirteen years of age".
The Carrigan Report into child sex abuse and underage prostitution recommended raising the age of consent to 18 years. The Criminal Law Sexual Offences Act decriminalised male homosexual acts and created offences of " Buggery of persons under 17 years of age" and " Gross indecency with males under 17 years of age".
It advised that close-in-age cases should remain criminalised, but with more lenient guidelines for sentencing. It also recommended wider publicity of the age limits.
The age of consent in Italy is 14 years, with a close-in-age exception that allows those aged 13 to engage in sexual activity with partners who are under the age of 18, provided that the age gap between them is less than 3 years.
The age of consent rises to 16 if one of the participants has some kind of influence on the other e. Not knowing that the victim is underage is not a legal defense, except when it was unavoidable ignorance.
If the minor involved is under the age of 11, the crime can be punished even without a complaint and the punishment is aggravated. It is also illegal to perform sexual acts in the presence of a minor aged less than 14 with the intent of allowing the minor to witness the acts, even if they do not take an active part.
See also more related articles from Interpol. The age of consent in Kazakhstan is 16 , according to article of the Crime Criminal Code.
Article Sexual Intercourse and Other Actions of a Sexual Character with a Person Under Sixteen Years of Age Sexual intercourse, sodomy, or lesbianism or other acts of sexual nature, with a person who did not reach sixteen years of age, the guilty party being aware of that fact, shall be punished by restriction of freedom for a period up to three years, or by detention under arrest for a period up to six months, or deprivation of freedom for a period up to five years.
The age of consent in Kosovo is Article of the Penal Penalty Code states that "Term 'Consent' means the voluntary agreement of a person who has reached the age of sixteen years to engage in the sexual act in question", and Article states that, 1.
Fearing riots on a national scale, the Home Secretary , Sir William Harcourt , pleaded in vain with Stead to cease publication of the articles.
A wide variety of reform groups held protest meetings and marched together to Hyde Park demanding that the age of consent be raised. The government was forced to propose the Criminal Law Amendment Act , which raised the age of consent from thirteen to sixteen and clamped down on prostitution.
In the United States, as late as the s most states set the minimum age at ten to twelve in Delaware, it was seven in The campaign was successful, with almost all states raising the minimum age to sixteen to eighteen years by In France , Portugal, Denmark, the Swiss cantons and other countries, the minimum age was raised to between thirteen and sixteen years in the following decades.
In France, under the Napoleonic Code , the age of consent was set in at eleven,  and was raised to thirteen in In Spain , it was set in at "puberty age", and changed to twelve in ,  which was kept until , when it became 13;   and in it was raised to In the 21st century, concerns about child sex tourism and commercial sexual exploitation of children gained international prominence, and have resulted in legislative changes in several jurisdictions, as well as in the adoption of several international instruments.
The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children , which came into force in , prohibits commercial sexual exploitation of children.
The Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings which came into force in also deals with commercial sexual exploitation of children.
Several Western countries have raised their ages of consent recently. These include Canada in —from 14 to 16 ; and in Europe, Iceland in —from 14 to 15 , Lithuania in —from 14 to 16 , Croatia in —from 14 to 15 , and Spain in —from 13 to Sexual relations with a person under the age of consent is a crime in most countries; exceptions to this include Yemen, and Saudi Arabia.
Jurisdictions use a variety of terms for the offense, including child sexual abuse , statutory rape , illegal carnal knowledge , corruption of a minor ,  besides others.
The enforcement practices of age-of-consent laws vary depending on the social sensibilities of the particular culture see above.
Often, enforcement is not exercised to the letter of the law, with legal action being taken only when a sufficiently socially-unacceptable age gap exists between the two individuals, or if the perpetrator is in a position of power over the minor e.
The sex of each participant can also influence perceptions of an individual's guilt and therefore enforcement. The threshold age for engaging in sexual activity varies between jurisdictions.
Most jurisdictions have set a fixed age of consent. Ages can also vary based on the type of calendar used, such as the Lunar calendar ,  how birth dates in leap years are handled, or even the method by which birth date is calculated.
The age of consent is a legal barrier to the minor's ability to consent and therefore obtaining consent is not in general a defense to having sexual relations with a person under the prescribed age, for example:.
A growing number of countries have specific extraterritorial legislation that prosecutes their citizens in their homeland should they engage in illicit sexual conduct in a foreign country with children.
This applies in cases where any of the partners travels into or out of the United States, or from one state into another, for the purpose of an illegal sexual encounter.
There is debate as to whether the gender of those involved should lead to different treatment of the sexual encounter, in law or in practice. Traditionally, age of consent laws regarding vaginal intercourse were often meant to protect the chastity of unmarried girls.
This has led to gender-neutral laws in many jurisdictions. In the US, in Michael M. Superior Ct. Traditionally, many age of consent laws dealt primarily with men engaging in sexual acts with underage girls and boys the latter acts often falling under sodomy and buggery laws.
This means that in some legal systems, issues of women having sexual contact with underage partners were rarely acknowledged. For example, until , in the UK, before the Sexual Offences Amendment Act , there was no statutory age of consent for lesbian sex.
The age at which a person can be legally married can differ from the age of consent. In jurisdictions where the marriageable age is lower than the age of consent, those laws usually override the age of consent laws in the case of a married couple where one or both partners are below the age of consent.
Some jurisdictions prohibit all sex outside of marriage irrespective of age, as in the case of Yemen. In many countries, there are specific laws dealing with child prostitution.
In some countries, states, or other jurisdictions, the age of consent may be lower than the age at which a person can appear in pornographic images and films.
In many jurisdictions, the minimum age for participation and even viewing such material is As such, in some jurisdictions, films and images showing individuals under the age of 18, but above the age of consent, that meet the legal definition of child pornography are prohibited despite the fact that the sexual acts depicted are legal to engage in otherwise under that jurisdiction's age of consent laws.
In those cases, it is only the filming of the sex act that is the crime as the act itself would not be considered a sex crime. For example, in the United States under federal law it is a crime to film minors below 18 in sexual acts, even in states where the age of consent is below Jailbait images can be differentiated from child pornography, as they do not feature minors before the onset of puberty, nor do they contain nudity.
When questioned regarding their legality legal analyst Jeffrey Toobin stated he thought it was not illegal, though legal expert Sunny Hostin was more skeptical, describing jailbait images as "borderline" child pornography which may be illegal.
The human immune system continues to develop after puberty. For example, a risk factor for HPV strains causing genital warts is sexual debut at a young age;  if this extends to the cancer causing strains, then sexual debut at a young age would potentially also increase risk of persistence of HPV infections that cause the very HPV induced cancers that are being diagnosed in spiking numbers of relatively young people.
Age-of-consent reform refers to the efforts of some individuals or groups, for different reasons, to alter or abolish age-of-consent laws.
These efforts advocate positions such as:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Age of consent disambiguation.